வியாழக்கிழமை, ஜூலை 19, 2018
   
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ARTICLES / a / an /the

அனைவருக்கும் ஆங்கிலம்

 

 

a-an-the

ARTICLES / a / an /the

 

Articles are small words .that are often used at the beginning of a noun phrase.

Definite Article ( sure )                     in definite Articles ( not sure )

       The                                                   a / an


How to use in definite Articles

  1. 1.An is used before words which begin with the vowel sound

Examples :

  • an ant               an apple          an ass  
  • an egg              an eye            an eagle
  • an island          an ink bottle    an Ice – Cream
  • an ox               an orange       an owl
  • an umbrella     

 

But (exception )

These words begin with the vowel sounds

 

  • an hour            an heir             an honest
  • an umbrella      an uncle          
  • an SMS           an M.P.            an N
  • an L                 an x

 

  1. 2.A is used before words which begin with the consonant (non –vowel sound )

Examples :

  • a book              a top                a cat     a shop
  • a pen                a letter             a girl    a mouse

But (exception )

                        These worlds begin with the consonant sound         

  • a union             a university      a uniform
  • a European      a useless man   a one way street

                       

Where do we use indefinite articles a , an ?

  1. 1.when we refer to one object or person we use a or an ?
  • Ali works in a bank
  • There is a woman at the bus stop
  • I am eating an apple
  1. if we have more than one thing or person we use “a or an “ because

.           we are not sure

     There are 4 windows .. so

  • Open a window
  • Close a window

  1. When we use a noun for the first time
  • I bought a pen                         The pen is broken
  • I saw a girl / boy                     The girl is beautiful / handsome
  • I have get a car                        I am going to wash the car

 

  1. To say what thing or person is
  • Mouse is an animal
  • Car is a vehicle
  • Sun is a star
  • Foot ball is a game
  • Riyal is a good boy
  1. To refer to a person’s profession / job
  • He is a doctor
  • My father is a businessman
  • I am a student
  • She is a teacher

 

How to use definite Article

            The                             The ( thee)

            the boy                          the ass

            the girl                         the eye

            the book                      the owl

            the pen                         the island

            the letter                      the umbrella

 

The is also used 

  1. before a noun which is the only one of its kind

the earth          the air

the sky             the sea

 

  1. 2.before names of certain seas , mountains , rivers , ect .

 

the Everest Mountains             the Jaan river

the south china sea                  the kandy park

 

  1. 3.before adjectives in the superlative form

the sweetest voice                   the most awful thought

the tallest man                         the most careful person

 

  1. 4. before names of countries such as :

the People’s Republic of china

the Srilanka

the United States of America

 

           

 

           

 

 

 

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